Lilith (Hebrew: לילית; lilit, or lilith) is a figure in Jewish mythology, developed earliest in the Babylonian Talmud, who is generally thought to be related to a class of female demons Līlīṯu in Mesopotamian texts. However, Lowell K. Handy (1997) notes, "Very little information has been found relating to the Akkadian and Babylonian view of these demons. Two sources of information previously used to define Lilith are both suspect."
The two problematic sources are the Gilgamesh appendix and the Arslan Tash amulets. The term Lilith occurs in Isaiah 34:14, either singular or plural according to variations in the earliest manuscripts, though in a list of animals. In the Dead Sea Scrolls Songs of the Sage the term first occurs in a list of monsters. In Jewish magical inscriptions, on bowls and amulets from the 6th century CE onwards, Lilith is identified as a female demon and the first visual depictions appear.
In the "Testament of Solomon", chap.57 (circa 200 AD) speaks of an Obizuth demoness Lilith who seems to be: "Love the Lord God of Israel and enjoined to another demon to appear. And he came before me a female spirit who had a head but no members, and she was disheveled. I sat and j have said to the demon: 'Who are you?' And she said: 'I am called Obizuth in men and in the evening, I do not sleep, but I travel the world and visit women in childbirth. And if I'm lucky I can strangle a child. But otherwise, I retire to another place because I can not stay in the failure one night. For I am a fierce spirit with a myriad names and many forms. And now, here, right now, I will wander and follow my path. But as it is now, if you believed the seal ring with my power of God, you did nothing. I'm not ready to go, and you are not able to control myself. For I have no other work that the destruction of children and hurt their ears and eyes, to link their mouth and bring to ruin their minds and give trouble to their bodies. ' When I, Solomon, I heard this I was amazed by his appearance, for I saw his whole body in darkness. But his eyes were quite bright and cheerful, and her hair was tossed wildly like a dragon, and all its members were invisible. And his voice was very clear as it came to me.
And, cleverly, I said, 'Tell me by what angel you are neutralized, O evil spirit?' And she said: 'For the angel of God called Afarof, which is also known as Raphael, who I am today and forever neutralized. His name, if anyone knows, is written on an amulet for a woman in childbirth, I am not able to go further. Of the name the number is 640 '. And I Solomon, having heard this, and having glorified the Lord, I ordered that his hair is attached, and that it hung before the Temple of God ... "
|Seal of Lilith|
In Jewish folklore, from the 8th–10th centuries Alphabet of Ben Sira onwards, Lilith becomes Adam's first wife, who was created at the same time and from the same earth as Adam. This contrasts with Eve, who was created from one of Adam's ribs. The legend was greatly developed during the Middle Ages, in the tradition of Aggadic midrashim, the Zohar and Jewish mysticism.In the 13th Century writings of Rabbi Isaac ben Jacob ha-Cohen, for example, Lilith left Adam after she refused to become subservient to him and then would not return to the Garden of Eden after she mated with archangel Samael.
Tree of Life (Kabbalah)
Lilith is listed as one of the Qliphoth, corresponding to the Sephirah Malkuth in the Kabbalistic Tree of Life. The demon Lilith, the evil woman, is described as a beautiful woman, who transforms into a blue, butterfly-like demon, and it is associated with the power of seduction. The Qliphah is the unbalanced power of a Sephirah. Malkuth is the lowest Sephirah, the realm of the earth, into which all the divine energy flows, and in which the divine plan is worked out. However, its unbalanced form is as Lilith, the seductress. The material world, and all of its pleasures, is the ultimate seductress, and can lead to materialism unbalanced by the spirituality of the higher spheres. This ultimately leads to a descent into animal consciousness. The balance must therefore be found between Malkuth and Kether, to find order and harmony
Lilith (Arabic: ليليث) is not found in the Quran or Haddith. The Sufi occult writer Ahmad al-Buni (d.1225) in his Shams al-Ma'arif al-Kubra (Sun of the Great Knowledge, Arabic: شمس المعارف الكبرى) mentions a demon called the mother of children a term also used "in one place" in the 13th-century Jewish Zohar and is therefore probably derived from Jewish mythology. Another Islamic legend recounts an encounter between King Solomon and a giant female demon, Karina.
What Mathers says about Lilith:
Lilith and Naamah, in Jewish tradition, are demonesses who throttle new-born babies and seduce men in their sleep, sucking blood. Naamanh's origins are not known. Lilith was the lilitu originally, an Assyrian demoness who had wings and long, dishevelled hair. Her name was confused with the Hebrew word for 'night', layil, and so she was described as a hairy night-fiend. There is a story that King Solomon at first suspected the Queen of Sheba of being Lilith, because she had hairy legs. She is probably the 'terror by night' of Psalm 91
- 'Thou shalt not fear for any terror by night...' -and legend says that she was Adam's first wife, created by God out of filth and mud. From Adam's union with her sprang Asmodeus and hosts of other demons. Eve was not created until later. This story does not appear in the Bible, but justification for it was found in Genesis 5.3, which says that Adam lived 130 years and then 'begat a son in his own likeness, after his 'image' on Eve. This was thought to imply that he had previously begotten sons, the demons, who were not in his own likeness and image.
|Seal of Lilith|
(NB: This posts is subject to be updated.)
- Pierre Manoury
- Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers
- Lowell K. Handy
- Testament of Solomon